Those with the growth mindset found setbacks motivating.  They’re informative.  They’re a wake-up call.

-Carol Dweck

Reading those sentences reminded me of an episode of Seinfeld where George does the opposite of what his instincts tell him to do.

By the end of the episode he has a job and is dating a girl he never would have talked to if he followed his instincts.  I doubt this is what Dr. Dweck had in mind when she addressed failure in her book.  However, it illustrates how a person can achieve beyond their perceived capabilities if they learn to respond differently to failure.